Ceramic vessels were important commodities in the extensive East and Southeast Asian maritime trade routes of the second millennium a.d. These vessels, which moved as containers and as objects of exchange in their own right, originated from multiple production locales in China and mainland Southeast Asia. Through complex mercantile and political distribution networks, they found their way to consumers on Mainland and Island Southeast Asia, as well as to South Asia, the Middle East, East Africa, Europe, and by the sixteenth century, the New World.